Discover how many people with alcohol use disorder in the United States receive treatment across age groups and demographics. Find up-to-date statistics on lifetime drinking, past-year drinking, past-month drinking, binge drinking, heavy alcohol use, and high-intensity drinking. A significant proportion of the disease burden attributable to alcohol consumption arises from unintentional and intentional injuries, including those due to road traffic crashes, violence, and suicide.

Education and Career

It is estimated that over 1 million children are affected by parental alcohol misuse and up to 60% of child protection cases involve alcohol (Prime Minister’s Strategy Unit, 2003). Alcohol also contributes to unsafe sex and unplanned pregnancy, financial problems and homelessness. Alcohol dependence is also a category of mental disorder in DSM–IV (APA, 1994), although the criteria are slightly different from those used by ICD–10. For example a strong desire or compulsion to use substances is not included in DSM–IV, whereas more criteria relate to harmful consequences of use.

Emotional differences in drinking

She moved back home and was soon taking a shot or two of vodka each morning before heading to the office for her finance job, followed by two more drinks at lunch. The scope of this review was limited to the factors identified through the search terms, leaving behind other factors that might have had evidence of the same caliber or even greater quality. Future reviews might concentrate on addressing additional possible factors such as the effects of peer pressure and marital status. Due to the data collection being limited to the last six years (2017–2022), some significant findings may have been missed.

4.2. Psychological factors

It should be noted that DSM is currently under revision, but the final version of DSM–V will not be published until 2013 (APA, 2010). The term was introduced in ICD–10 and replaced ‘non-dependent use’ as a diagnostic term. The closest equivalent in other diagnostic systems (for example, the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders of the American Psychiatric Association [APA, 1994], currently in its fourth edition [DSM–IV]) is ‘alcohol abuse’, which usually includes social consequences. Unhealthy alcohol use includes any alcohol use that puts your health or safety at risk or causes other alcohol-related problems. It also includes binge drinking — a pattern of drinking where a male has five or more drinks within two hours or a female has at least four drinks within two hours.

3.1. Prevalence

  • „From less years of alcohol use, women are getting sicker faster,“ says Sugarman, of McLean Hospital.
  • The eligibility for study inclusion was limited to studies that were published in the English language, scored 50% and above using the Quality Assessment Tools developed by the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, and published within the past six years (2017–2022).
  • The idea that a particular ‘addictive personality’ leads to the development of alcohol dependence is popular with some addiction counsellors, but does not have strong support from research.
  • Gender differences in self-reported past-month drunkenness among 12th graders also narrowed considerably between 1991 (37% males, 25% females) and 2018 (19% males, 16% females), as shown in Figure 2.

Listen to relatives, friends or co-workers when they ask you to examine your drinking habits or to seek help. Using the Public Health Data Warehouse, DPH compiled information about individuals’ employment and work-related injury status from their workers’ compensation claims and linked it with data from their death certificates. By linking these data sets, DPH found that of the 4,304 working-age (16-64 years) Massachusetts residents who died and had at least one workplace injury claim, 741 (17.2 percent) died from an opioid-related overdose between 2011 and 2020. Previous analyses primarily relied on death certificate data, which have limited work-related information. However, it noted the effect mostly eroded over the course of just one year as levels returned to normal.


alcohol dependency is more likely in

This report may not represent the full picture of injured workers who died from an opioid-related overdose in Massachusetts. The data do not include workers who were injured on the job but who did not file a workers’ compensation claim. This cohort may include immigrant and undocumented workers who may be less likely to file a workers’ compensation claim or may experience barriers to filing one. The majority (28.2 percent) of the 741 Massachusetts workers who were previously injured at work and who died of an opioid-related overdose between 2011 and 2020 worked in construction and extraction occupations, according to the data.

  • This quickly leads to changes in coordination that increase the risk of accidents and injuries, particularly when driving a vehicle or operating machinery, and when combined with other sedative drugs (for example, benzodiazepines).
  • Moreover, the study conducted by Clare et al. [61], despite its limited investigation timeframe, showed that an increase in consumption kept taking place regardless of the parental supply (which may indicate permissive parenting).
  • In older adults, especially, too much alcohol can lead to balance problems and falls, which can result in hip or arm fractures and other injuries.
  • For criteria 13, the follow-up retention rate was retrieved by either looking through the original source of data for each study or from within the study itself if it was reported.
  • For young people, both their own alcohol misuse and that of their parents or carers may be a safeguarding concern.

alcohol dependency is more likely in

Further, for people with significant psychiatric or physical comorbidity (for example, depressive disorder or alcoholic liver disease), abstinence is the appropriate goal. However, hazardous and harmful drinkers, and those with a low level of alcohol dependence, may be able to achieve a goal of moderate alcohol consumption (Raistrick et al., 2006). Where a client has a goal of moderation but the clinician believes there are considerable risks in doing so, the clinician should provide strong advice that abstinence is most appropriate but should not deny the client treatment if the advice is unheeded (Raistrick et al., 2006). For at least a century, differences in the prevalence and amount of alcohol consumption between males and females in the United States have been narrowing.73-76 As a result, so have rates of alcohol-related harms, including DUIs, ED visits, hospitalizations, and deaths.

This is particularly apparent in alcohol dependence developing later in life following, for example, a bereavement or job loss. People who are alcohol dependent also report much higher levels of childhood abuse and neglect, particularly sexual abuse. One UK study found 54% of female and 24% of male alcohol dependent patients identified themselves as victims of sexual abuse, mostly before the age of 16 years (Moncrieff et al., 1996).

Therefore, it is clear that there is substantial remission from alcohol-use disorders over time. Much of this remission takes place without contact with alcohol treatment services (Dawson et al., 2005a). Most of the data on the English population’s drinking patterns comes from the General Household Survey, the Health Survey for England and the Psychiatric Morbidity Survey (Craig et al., 2009; McManus et al., Top 5 Advantages of Staying in a Sober Living House 2009; Robinson & Bulger, 2010). In terms of hazardous drinking, in 2008, 21% of adult men were drinking between 22 and 50 units per week, and 15% of adult women were drinking between 15 and 35 units; a further 7% of men and 5% of women were harmful drinkers, drinking above 50 and 35 units per week, respectively. In addition, 21% of adult men and 14% of women met the government’s criteria for binge drinking.